Reason Your Child Needs More Water Than Adults
Many parents mistakenly think that children do not need water because they are young and can therefore survive without it. It is important to note that children need water more than adults do because they are in their growth and developmental stages and need to take adequate amount of water to support them. Water is very important component of the body, making up more than half of the body weight” the body cannot therefore function properly without water.

Children need water a lot of water as it not only keeps them healthy, but also helps them to perform better in school. Slight dehydration in their mental and physical performance. Lack of consumption can lead to poor concentration in the classroom, and therefore poor performance. It is therefore  important that children learn about the importance of drinking water and why it should be part of their daily routine. In so doing, they will guard against dehydration, which has been known to have adverse effects on the body. For instance, some children become irritable, tired and less able to concentrate in school. Although this may appear  normal, ti could partly be due to the effects of dehydration.

When a child is dehydrated, the urine become dehydrated and may appear deep yellow, cloudy and smelly. A healthy and well-hydrated child’s  urine should should be almost clear. Mild dehydration has an adverse effect on the child’s physical and mental performance and temperature regulation during exercise, making exercise harder and more tiring. It can also affect a child’s mood. A loss of about two percent of body fluids can cause a 20 percent reduction in performance in both physical and mental activities.

 Children should also drink lots of water because their thirst mechanisms are less developed than adults’ they tend to appear after dehydration has already set in. Long-term chronic dehydration is very serious as it may cause health problems and illnesses. Headaches, irritability, muscle weakness, dizziness , dry mouth and sleepiness are some effects of dehydration.

Parents should therefore encourage their children to drink water even if they are not thirsty instead of taking soft drinks. Soft drinks have a tendency of dehydrating the body. You can increase your child's water intake by using sugar free drinks while avoiding caffeine and iced teas, as they are known to cause dehydration. Add a squeeze of lemon or lime juice in the water to make it tasty. You can also encourage the child to take water by adding juice to plain water, and add more water each time until the child is eventually able to take plain water.

Water is an essential component of blood, which is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. It also carries waste products such as lactic acid and carbon dioxide away from the body into the alimentary canal. Water aids in the digestion process. It is an essential component of saliva and gastric juices, which contain the digestive enzymes necessary to break down food and transport it through the digestive tract. 

Water is also an important lubricant. Besides lubricating the tissues, organs and joints, it helps to keep the lungs moist enough to take in oxygen and excrete carbon dioxide. It also protects the body against shock by serving as a protective layer in the tissues. Water helps in the excretion of body wastes, like urine and faeces. Constipation may occur if enough water is not taken. 

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